Garhwa District in southwest Palamou Division acheived independent status on 1st April 1991. Spanning from 23060′ and 24039′ north latitude and 83022′ and 84000′ east longitude the district encompasses an area of 4044 sq. km. Garhwa is surrounded by the river Sone in the north; Palamau District and portions of Chhatisgarh in the south while Palamau District and Sarguja District of Chhatisgarh and Sonebhadra District of Uttar Pradesh flank it in the south, east and west, respectively.
Having recorded a net population size of 10,34,151, Garhwa District possesses rich limestone and dolomite deposits. Agriculture in the district is limited owing to arid climatic conditions.
Garhwa District has a promising tourism industry. The “Goddess Bhagawati”temple at Ketar, the Golden Radha Krishna Mandir of Nagar-Untari and Catholic Ashram at Kanjia attract tourists. The district also opens up a Pandora’s box of natural treaures as illuminated by the gurgling Sukhaldari waterfall, Parasdiha fall and Gursandhu fall. Raja Pahari, famous for its natural beauty and Lord Shiva. Temple, the lofty peak of Saruat Pahar and the charming villages of the Korba tribes also deserve mention.